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高考英语3500词汇(L):单词+词组+句型

时间:2021-09-21 18:51作者:yb体育官方网站

本文摘要:lab [ˈnɔlɪdʒ] = laboratory n. 实验室labour (美labor) [ˈleɪbə(r)] n. 劳动labourer (laborer) ['leibərə] n.体力劳动者lack [læk] n. vt. 缺乏, 缺少lack (for) 缺少......He never lacks for money or friends.他从来不缺钱或朋侪。

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lab [ˈnɔlɪdʒ] = laboratory n. 实验室labour (美labor) [ˈleɪbə(r)] n. 劳动labourer (laborer) ['leibərə] n.体力劳动者lack [læk] n.& vt. 缺乏, 缺少lack (for) 缺少......He never lacks for money or friends.他从来不缺钱或朋侪。a lack of money 缺钱for lack of … 因为缺乏…...be lacking in 缺乏...…ladder [ˈlædə(r)] r n. 梯子lady [ˈleɪdɪ] n. 女士, 夫人lake [leɪk] n. 湖lamb [læm] n. 羔羊lame [leɪm] a. 跛的, 瘸的, 残废的lamp [læmp] n. 灯, 油灯;光源land [lænd] n.陆地,土地v.登陆(陆)降落language [ˈlæŋɡwɪdʒ] n. 语言lantern [ˈlæntən] n. 灯笼;提灯lap [læp] n. (人坐时)膝部.(跑道的)一圈large [lɑːdʒ] a. 大的;庞大的laser [ˈleɪzə(r)] n. 激光last [lɑːst; (US) læst] a.最近刚已往;最后的ad.最近刚已往;最后地 n.最后v.连续the last person/thing 最不行能的、最想不到的人/事He’s the last person I’d trust. 他是我最不愿相信的人。last but not (the) least 最后可是同样重要的是He was the last to arrive.The war lasted (for) 3 years. 战争连续了三年。

late [leɪt] a.晚的,迟的ad.晚地,迟地be late for…in the late 1970sget up latelate in the afternoon 薄暮better late than never 迟到总比不到好It’s never too late to mend. 亡羊补牢。of late = lately/recently 最近,迩来I haven’t seen him of late.lately [ˈleɪtlɪ] ad. 最近, 不久前later [ˈleɪtə(r)] a. 晚些的, 迟些的sooner or later 早晚no later than… 不迟于......later on 厥后Much later on, she realizes what he had meant.许久之后,她才意识到他的原本意思。

latest [ˈleɪtɪst] a.最近, 最新的;最晚的latter [ˈlætə(r)] n.(两者之中的)后者laugh [lɑːf] n.& v. 笑, 大笑;讽刺laugh at… 讽刺,因......笑laugh your head off 大笑不止burst out laughing=burst into laughter 突然笑起来laughter [ˈlɑːftə(r); (US) ˈlæftər] n. 笑; 笑声laundry [ˈlɔːndrɪ] n. 洗衣店;要洗的衣服lavatory [ˈlævətrɪ; (US) ˈlævətɔːrɪ] n. 便所, 茅厕law [lɔː] n. 执法, 法律;定律break/obey/keep the law 违反/遵守执法by law 依据执法lawyer [ˈlɔːjə(r), ˈlɔɪə(r)] n. 状师lay (laid, laid) [leɪ] vt. 放, 搁lay the table 放桌子lay eggs 下蛋lay aside 把…...放在一边lay down 放下lay off 开除 (laid-off 下岗的)lazy [ˈleɪzɪ] a. 懒惰的lead (led, led) [liːd] v. 向导, 领导 n. 铅lead a happy life 过幸福的生活lead to sth./doing 导致......leader [ˈliːdə(r)] n. 首脑, 向导人leading [ˈliːdɪŋ] a. 最主要的, 第一位的leaf (复 leaves) [liːf] n. (树, 菜)叶league [liːɡ] n. 同盟, 社团leak [liːk] vi. 漏; 渗learn (learnt, learnt;--ed --ed) [lɜːn] vt. 学, 学习, 学会learn from 从…...中学习,向…...学习learn about/of 听说 得知learn… by heart 记着......learned [ˈlɜːnɪd] a. 有才气的;博学的least [liːst] n.最少, 最少量not in the least 一点儿也不,绝不She didn’t have the least idea what to do about it.leather [ˈleðə(r)] n. 皮革leave (left, left) [liːv] v. 脱离;把…留下, 剩下leave sp. for sp 脱离某地去某地leave the door openleave her waiting for 2 hoursleave him outleave him an orphan 使他成为孤儿leave the key on the bus 把钥匙落在公共汽车上leave out 遗漏leave...behind 把…丢在后边leave alone 不打扰,不碰leave off 不包罗,不把…列入ask for a two-week leave 请两周的假lecture [ˈlektʃə(r)] n. 授课, 演讲attend a lecture 听讲座give/deliver a lecture to sb. on… 给某人做关于......的演讲/讲座left [left] a.左边的 ad.向左 n.左,左边make a left turn 左转弯turn left/turn to the left 向左拐the money left=the remaining money 剩下的钱left-handed [left- ' hændid] a. 习用左手的leftover ['leftˌəuvə] a.剩余,剩下的n.剩饭菜left-wing [left-wɪŋ] n. 左翼的leg [leɡ] n. 腿;腿脚;支柱legal [ˈliːɡ(ə)l] a.与执法有关的, 执法的lemon [ˈlemən] n. 柠檬 a. 柠檬色(味)的lemonade [leməˈneɪd] n. 柠檬水lend (lent, lent) [lend] vt.借(出),把…借给lend a hand to sb.=lend sb. a hand 资助某人length [leŋθ] n. 长, 长度, 段, 节The road was 32 miles in length/long.at length 最后,终于/详细地less(little的比力级) [les] a.& ad. 少于,小于less than… 少于/小于......no less than… 不少于/多达......more or less 或多或少even/ much/still less 更不用说No explanation was offered, still less an apology.没有提供解释,更不用说致歉了。lesson [ˈles(ə)n] n. 课;作业;教训take/have lessons 上课give lessons 授课teach/give sb. a lesson给某人一个教训draw/take a lesson from … 从…...中吸取教训let (let, let) [let] vt. 让let sb. in/outlet sb(sth.) golet go of sb(sth.) 放手/放弃......let... alone 不打扰/不碰/更不用说......let out 发出(啼声)let off 使...…爆炸let sb. down 使某人失望letter [ˈletə(r)] n. 信;字母letter-box [ˈletə(r)- bɔks] n. 信箱level [ˈlev(ə)l] n. 水平线, 水平liberty [ˈlɪbətɪ] n. 自由liberate [ˈlɪbəreɪt] vt. 解放, 使获自由liberation [lɪbəˈreɪʃ(ə)n] n. 解放librarian [laɪˈbreərɪən] n. 图书治理员;(西方的)图书馆馆长library [ˈlaɪbrərɪ; (US) ˈlaɪbrerɪ] n. 图书馆, 图书室license [ˈlaɪsəns] n. 执照, 许可证lid [lɪd] n. 盖子lie (lay, lain) [laɪ] v. 躺;卧;平放;位于n.& vi. 假话; 说谎lie to sb 对某人说谎tell a lie/tell lies 说谎The book lay open on the desk.lie in 在于…Success lies in hard work. 乐成在于勤奋。life (复lives) [laɪf] n. 生命;生涯;生活;人生;生物①生命 (pl. lives) lose/save one’s lifelay down one’s life for sb. 为…...牺牲生命②生活 everyday life 日常生活live/lead a …life③bring…back to life 使......重生come back to life 变得活跃,苏醒过来lifetime [ˈlaɪftaɪm] n. 一生, 终生lift [lɪft] v. 举起, 抬起;(云、烟等)消散 n. (英)电梯take the lift 乘电梯give sb. a lift 让某人搭便车lift one’s eyes 抬起眼睛He stood there with his hands lifted above his head.他站在那里,双手举过头顶。

The news lifted our spirits.这个消息让我们提起了精神。light [laɪt] n. 光, 光明;灯, 灯光 vt. 点(火), 点燃 a. 明亮的;轻的;浅色的by the light of the moonthrow light on/upon 把..…论述清楚turn on/off the lights 开/关灯The light went out. 灯熄灭了。a light classroom 明亮的课堂light blue eyes 浅蓝色的眼睛as light as a feather 像羽毛一样轻a light sleep 浅浅的睡眠a sound sleep 酣睡light a candle 点燃蜡烛a lighted candle 一根点燃的蜡烛light up 点亮,照亮lightning [ˈlaɪtnɪŋ] n.闪电like [laɪk] prep. 像, 跟…一样 vt. 喜欢, 喜爱I like it when you do that.would like (sb.) to doHow do you like(find) …What do you think of/about…feel like doing 想要做某事likely [ˈlaɪklɪ] a.很可能的be likely to do/thatTickets are likely to be expensive.It is more than likely that the thieves don’t know how much it is worth.很有可能这些贼不知道它价值几多。

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a likely story 可能是真实的故事limit [ˈlɪmɪt] vt. 限制;淘汰limit to… 限于......without limit 无限地There is a limit to the amount of pain I can bear.我能够忍受的痛苦是有限度的。limit sb. to sth/doing sth 限制某人做某事My parents limit my pocket money to 300 yuan.我怙恃把我的零花钱限制到了300元。

line [laɪn] n. 绳索, 线, 排, 行, 线路 v. 画线于, (使)成行lines 台词on line 在线的,上网的drop sb a line 给...…写封短信The line is busy. 电话占线。Hold the line, please. 别挂电话。

link [lɪŋk] v. 毗连; 联系There may be a link between the 2 murders.在两起行刺之间可能有某种联系。establish trade links with Asia 建设与亚洲的商业联系a video/satellite link 一个视频/卫星毗连a link in the chain 链中的一环link A to/with BThe video cameras are linked to a powerful computer.The English Tunnel links Britain with the rest of Europe.The 2 factors(因素)are directly linked.Exposure to ultraviolet (紫外线) light is closely linked to skin cancer(皮肤癌).link up (with sb/sth)The bands have linked up for a charity concert.lion [ˈlaɪən] n. 狮子lip [lɪp] n. 嘴唇liquid [ˈlɪkwɪd] n. & a. 液体;液体的list [lɪst] n. 一览表, 清单make a list of… 列一个…...的清单list our ten favorite songslisten [ˈlɪs(ə)n] vi. 听,仔细听literature [ˈlɪtərətʃə(r); (US) ˈlɪtrətʃʊər] n. 文学literary [ˈlɪtərərɪ; (US) ˈlɪtərerɪ] a. 文学的litre (美liter) [liːtə(r)] n. 升; 公升litter [ˈlɪtə(r)] v. 乱丢杂物There will be fines to people who drop litter.Piles of books and newspapers littered the floor. 成堆的书报把地板弄得七零八落。

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Broken glass littered the street.be littered with sthYour article is littered with spelling mistakes.little (less, least) [ˈlɪt(ə)l] a.小的,少的 ad. 很少地, 稍许 n.没有几多,一点not a little 很是more than a little 很是She felt tired and more than a little worried.Little did I know about him. 我一点也不相识他。live [lɪv] vi. 生活;居住;在世 a. 活的,在世的;实况,现场(直播)的①v. 居住,生活 /liv/live/lead a … lifelive on 以…...为食,靠......生活live by doing 靠做…为生live life to the fullest 充实地生活live up to 切合,不辜负live with 与...住在一起;忍受live through 履历过…而在世②adj./adv. /laiv/ 在世的,现场直播的a live fisha live football matchbroadcast live 现场直播lively [ˈlaɪvlɪ] a. 生动的;充满生气的living [ˈlɪvɪŋ] a. 在世的 n. 生计load [ləʊd] n. 担子, 货物bear the load of bringing up her family alone 蒙受独自养家的肩负load a truck with applesa car loaded with goods 一辆装载货物的汽车loaf [ləʊf] n. 一个面包local [ˈləʊk(ə)l] a. 当地的;地方的lock [lɔk] n. 锁 vt. 锁, 锁上locust [ˈləʊkəst] n. 蝗虫London [ˈlʌnd(ə)n] n. 伦敦lonely [ˈləʊnlɪ] a. 孤苦的, 寥寂的long [lɔŋ; (US) lɔːŋ] a. 长的, 远 ad. 恒久long before 良久以前He had left long before I arrived here.before long 不久以后We’ll come back before long.in the long run 从久远看no longer=not any longer 不再as long as 只要So long.= Byebye. 再见long for 盼望......long to do sth 盼望做某事Lucy has longed for a brother.I‘m longing to see you again.look [lʊk] n. 看, 瞧 v. 看, 寓目 v. link 看起来have/take a close look at 凑近看......He didn’t like the look in her eyes.You made me look a complete fool.look like 看上去像......That looks like an interesting book.look as if 看上去像......It looks as if it is going to rain.look yourself 常用于否认句,“气色不像往常好”You’re not looking yourself today.其它短语:look one’s age 看上去容貌和年事相称look afterlook around 四处看look back on 回首look down upon/on 轻视,看不起look forward to 期望......look into 往里看,观察look out 小心look through 浏览look up 仰望,查阅,尊敬loose [luːs] a. 松散的; 宽松的The potatoes were sold loose not in bags. 这些土豆是散卖的,没有袋装。a loose shirt 一件宽松的衬衫loose soil 疏松的土壤let her hair loose 使她的头发松散lorry [ˈlɔrɪ; (US) ˈlɔːrɪ] n.(英)运货汽车, 卡车loss [lɔs; (US) lɔːs] n. 丧失;损耗lose (lost, lost) [luːz] vt. 失去, 丢失be lost/gone/missing 丢失的a lost/missing boy 一个失踪的男孩lose the game 输了角逐lose weight 减轻体重lose one’s way 迷路lose oneself in 沉醉于/陶醉于......be lost in 笃志于......,迷失在......中Lost in thought, he didn’t notice me. 沉醉在思考中,他没有注意到我。

This clock loses/gains(走快)two minutes a day.loss n.遗失,失败,损失be at a loss 不知所措suffer much/great loss 遭受很大的损失The loss of his only son made him sad. 失去唯一的儿子使他很是悲痛。Lost & Found [lɔst; (US) lɔːst]失物招领处lot [lɔt] n. 许多, 好些a lot of = lots of 许多......,修饰可数或不行数名词均可parking lot 停车场a lot adv. 很,很是 (可修饰比力级)Thanks a lotI’m feeling a lot better now.loud [laʊd] a. 高声的区分loud/aloud/loudlyloud adj.高声的 adv.高声地in a loud voiceTo make us hear more clearly, the teacher spoke louder.aloud adv.高声地,出生地Read aloud. Don’t read it silently.loudly adv.高声地,响亮地She screamed as loudly as she could.loudly [laʊdlɪ] ad. 高声地loudspeaker [laʊdˈspiːkə(r)] n. 扬声器, 喇叭lounge [laʊndʒ] n. 休息厅;休息室love [lʌv] n.& vt. 爱;热爱;很喜欢lovely [ˈlʌvlɪ] a. 优美的, 可爱的low [ləʊ] a.& ad. 低;矮luck [lʌk] n. 运气, 好运lucky [ˈlʌkɪ] a. 运气好, 荣幸be lucky to do/(for sb)thatHe is lucky to be alive.She was lucky enough to be chosen for the team.You were lucky that you spotted(认出,发现)the danger in time.It was lucky for us that we were able to go.Lucky you .你真走运。luggage [ˈlʌɡɪdʒ] n. (总称)行李lunch [lʌntʃ] n. 午餐, 午饭lung [lʌŋ] n. 肺;肺脏。


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